No, these are not the logos of Medium, Airbnb, Flipboard, and Beats
While this image is clever and claims that the logos of major corporations have been stolen, it does not reveal if those companies at some point purchased, licensed, or contracted the images. It is fun to think of these organizations as thieves, and they very well may be. Logos for these companies are protected under law, as was the book linked in the image. Therefore while fun, it is impossible to determine if these images were bought or stolen without some background research.